South Asia is one of the most volatile regions in the world and the regional dimension of the conflict in Afghanistan contributes to further destabilization of the region, preventing lasting peace and development. FES aims at generating national and regional policy recommendations, focusing on the transitional period and the future of a peaceful Afghanistan from the perspective of all neighbouring states.
What We Do
We provide a platform to improve bilateral relations and support multilateral cooperation through civil society dialogues.
We enablean environment for open discussion of national interest vis-à-vis the future of Afghanistan. Issues that cannot be brought to the negotiation table between governments because of political conflicts are discussed here.
We build trust and lasting networks among key stakeholders in the fragile region. Lasting communication channels are being established in the regions, which also function during conflict. The project strives to strengthen the ties of regional cooperation and to build trust between key figures in both Afghanistan and the region.
We assist Policy Groups in advising decision-makers and government representatives through policy recommendations that are designed to support a peaceful and prosperous Afghanistan. The outputs of the Policy Group dialogues are available as policy papers to decision-makers, media and civil society in the region as well as to the wider international policy-making community.
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Read the third and final part of our FES-supported series with the Afghanistan Analysts Network analyzing the situation of Afghan refugees in Germany: facts, figures, context, policies, asylum, voluntary returns and deportations. More to come soon as Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Afghanistan will be looking into the situation and stories of those returning to Afghanistan. Stay tuned! ... See MoreSee Less
Germany led in Europe in almost all categories of incoming refugees and asylum applications in 2015 and 2016, both in absolute and relative figures. Roughly six out of ten migrants who came to Europe ended up in Germany. Afghans were strongly represented in all those categories. This prompted the German government to change its 2015 asylum policy, which was widely seen as generous overall, towards more rigidity. It even applied specific measures to make the country less attractive for Afghan refugees, with the aim of decreasing their number. It also took the lead in pushing the Afghan government to readmit rejected asylum seekers. This made Afghans – in contrast to Syrians, Iraqis and Eritreans – ‘second class asylum seekers’, finds AAN co-director Thomas Ruttig in this last of a three-part dispatch series. At the end, he draws some conclusions from all three parts of this series.
Part 2 of @FESKabul-supported series with Afghanistan Analysts Network and Thomas Ruttig looks into the north-south divide across Europe and shows how the situation of Afghan refugees differs from country to country. #Afghanistan #Refugees #Europe ... See MoreSee Less
The situation and number of Afghan migrants in Europe differed from country to country in 2016. The division lay, roughly, along the Alps. To the south, the number of incoming migrants, though still high, dropped but requests for asylum continued to rise in some countries. Living conditions, meanwhile, deteriorated sharply. To the north, much fewer new Afghan migrants arrived – particularly after the March 2016 EU-Turkey deal on migration – while the number of asylum requests also grew in certain countries while they fell sharply in others. The general treatment of and sentiment towards migrants became less generous. Among those Afghans stuck along borders in the south or threatened with deportation in the north, hopelessness has been growing. AAN’s Thomas Ruttig gives an overview. (See part 1 – on figures, trends and a changed environment here: Afghan Exodus: Afghan asylum seekers in Europe (1) – the changing situation). Part 3, a case study of Germany, will follow in two days.)
Today we mark the International Day of Social Justice. What can we do to achieve it in Asia? Let's start with decent work in our supply chains in the region, recommends Sharan Burrow of ITUC in a guest contribution for FES in Asia.
#FESAsia, #WDSJ2017, #socialjustice, #decentwork.
In 2016, Afghans remained the second-largest group both of migrants seeking protection in Europe and of those formally applying for asylum. Meanwhile, numbers of arrivals – both in general and in terms of Afghans – have dropped significantly, compared with the peak in late 2015, as European countries have since made getting, staying and integrating there more complicated. Numbers of asylum applications widely differed between European countries. Furthermore, the EU and individual member states put agreements in place with the Afghan government that allow “voluntary” and “enforced” returns of larger numbers of rejected asylum seekers. In this first part of a three-part dispatch, AAN’s co-director Thomas Ruttig looks at the latest figures and trends as well as changes in policy and social climate that impacted the situation for Afghan asylum seekers in Europe. This will be followed by an overview of the situation in a number of individual European countries (part 2) and a case study on Germany, the largest recipient country in Europe for refugees (part 3). The last part will also draw some conclusions.
Alexey YusupovCOORDINATOR, PROJECT PEACE AND SECURITY
Alexey serves as Country Director of FES Afghanistan since 2015 and is leading the Peace and Security Project of the Regional Programme in Asia. Before assuming this post, he headed the Almaty office of FES Kazakhstan from 2013. Alexey holds a Magister Artium Degree in Political Sciences, Social Anthropology and History of European Arts from the University of Heidelberg and is a graduate exchange student alumni from the University of Manchester.